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Control of Pales and Pitch-Eating Weevils in the South
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References


 

Beal, J. A.; McClintick, K. B. The pales weevil in southern pines. J. Econ. Entomol. 36:792-794; 1943.

Bullard, A. T. The habits and life history of the pitch-eating weevil, Pachylobius picivorus   Germar, in the South Carolina piedmont. Clemson: Clemson University; 1968. 47 p. Thesis.

Carter, E. E. Hylobius pales as a factor in the reproduction of conifers in New England. Proc. Soc. Am. For. 11:297-307; 1916.

Ciesla, W. M.; Franklin, R. T. A method for collecting adults of the pales weevil, Hylobius pales, and the pitch eating weevil, Pachvlobius picivorus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). J. Kans. Entomol. Soc. 38:205-206; 1965.

Doggett, C. A.; Grady, C. R.; Green, H. J. (and others). Seedling debarking weevils in North Carolina. For. Note No. 31. Raleigh, N.C.: Department of Natural and Economic Resources, North Carolina Forest Service; 1977. 15 p.

Douglass, H. B. The seasonal history of the pine reproduction weevils, Hylobius pales (Herbst) and Pachylobius picivorus (Germar), on the South Carolina coast. Clemson: Clemson University; 1971. 49 p. Thesis.

Franklin, R. T.; Taylor, J. W., Jr. Biology of Pachylobius picivorus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in the Georgia Piedmont. Can. Entomol. 102:962-968; 1970.

Frazier, D. H. The pales weevil, Hylobius pales (Herbst), in Virginia: Damage and control. Blacksburg: Virginia Polytechnic Institute; 1969. 56 p. Thesis.

Germar, E. F. Insectorum species novae aut minus cognitae, descriptionibus illustratae. Halae: J. C. Hendelii; 1824; 311. 624 p.

Hedden, R. Economics of seedling debarking weevil control. In: Proceedings of the twenty-fourth southern forest insect work conference; 1979 August 13-16; Lexington, Ky; 1979:17. Available from: USDA Forest Service Forest Pest Management Staff, 2500 Shreveport Highway, Pineville, La.

Herbst, J. F. W. Natursystem aller bekannten in- und auslandischen Insecten, als eine Fortsetzung der von Bufforischen Naturgeschichte. Der Kafer. Berlin: Joachim Pauli, 1797; 31. 346 p. vol. 7 of 10 vol. 1785-1806.

Hyche, L. L. Population studies on the pine reproduction weevils, Hvlobius pates (Herbst), and Pachvlobius picivorus (Germar) Ann. Rep. Auburn, Ala.: Alabama Agric. Exp. Stn.; 1959. p. 329-333.

Jackson, L. W. R.; Thompson, G. E.; Lund, H. 0. Forest diseases and insects of Georgia's trees. Macon: Georgia Forestry Commission; 1955. 40 p.

Lawrence, L. K. Relationship between number of pales weevils trapped and subsequent seedling mortalty. For. Note No. 23. Raleigh: Department of Natural and Economic Resources, North Carolina Forest Service; 1975. 5 p.

Neidhardt, K. F. E. Ecology and behavior of two pine reproduction weevils, Hvlobius pales (Herbst) and Pachylobius picivorus (Germar) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in Alabama. Auburn: Auburn University; 1969. 75 p. Thesis.

Nord, J. C.; Flavell, T. H.; Pepper, W. D. (and others). Field test of chlorpyrifos and carbofuran to control weevils that debark pine seedlings. Res. Note SE-226. Asheville, N.C.: Digital Arborist, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station; 1975. 7 p.

Nord, J. C.; Flavell, T. H.; Pepper, W. D. (and others). Field test of four insecticides for control of pates and pitch-eating weevils in first-year pine plantations. Res. Note SE-255. Asheville, N.C.: Digital Arborist, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station; 1978. 9 p.

Peirson, H. B. The life history and control of the pales weevil (Hylobius pales). Harvard For. Bull. 3; 1921. 33 p.

Sentell, N. W. Pales weevil damages plantations in Louisiana. I For. 47:741; 1949.

Speers, C. F.; Ebel, B. H. Pales and pitch-eating weevils: ratio and period of attack in the South. Res. Note SE-156. Asheville, N.C.: Digital Arborist, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station; 1971. 5 p.

Speers, C. F. Pales and pitch-eating weevils: development in relation to time pines are cut in the Southeast. Res. Note SE-207. Asheville, N.C.: Digital Arborist, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station; 1974. 7 p.

Speers, C. F.; Merkel, E. P. How to prevent weevil damage to pine seedlings in the South. Gen. Tech. Rep. SE-5, Asheville, N.C.: Digital Arborist, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station; 1974.

Taylor, J. W. Jr.; Franklin, R. T. Biology of Hylobius pales (Coleoptera; Curculionidae) in the Georgia Piedmont. Can. Entomol. 102:729-735; 1970.

Thatcher, R. C. Pine reproduction weevils: preliminary results from 1955-1957 studies. Southern Forest Pest Reporter No. 18. New Orleans, La.: Digital Arborist, Southern Forest Experiment Station; 1957. 2 p.

Thatcher, R. C. Influence of the pitch-eating weevil on pine regeneration in east Texas. For. Sci. 6:354-361; 1960.

Thomas, H. A.; Hertel, G. D. Responses of the pales weevil to natural and synthetic host attractants. J. Econ. Entomol. 62:383-386; 1969.

Walstad, J. D. New strategies for controlling pales weevil in pine plantations of the southern USA. In: Proceedings of the 16th International Union of Forest Research Organizations World Congress; 1976 June 20 - July 2; Oslo, Norway; 1976:459-466.

Walstad, J. D.; Hart, J. B., Jr.; Cade, S. C. Carbofuran-clay root dip protects loblolly pine seedlings from debarking weevils. J. Econ. Entomol. 66:1219-1220; 1973.

Walstad, J. D.; Nord, J. C. Applied aspects of pales weevil control. Down to Earth 31:8-12; 1975.

 
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